The four climatic zones were distributed into Saharan, Sahelian, wet tropical and equatorial climate types. What produces the different climate zones of West and Central Africa? The amount of heat from the sun plays a major role in determining climate.
What is the climate in West and Central Africa?
In the Central African Republic, a country located south of the Sahara and north of the Equator, the climate is tropical, hot all year round, with a dry season in winter. The rainy season, which lasts for most of the year in the south, is limited to the summer months in the north.
What is the main climate in West Africa?
Climate. West Africa has wet and dry seasons resulting from the interaction of two migrating air masses. … The lowland climates of West Africa are characterized by uniformly high sunshine and high temperatures throughout the year; mean annual temperatures are usually above 18°C.
What is the main climate in Central Africa?
Central Africa is characterized by hot and wet climates on both sides of the Equator. The equatorial strip that extends from the Atlantic Ocean to the Western Rift Valley is influenced throughout the year by the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ), resulting in intense, heavy precipitation.
What are the three climatic regions of West Africa?
West African domain divided into three climatic zones: Guinea (4°N–8°N), Savanna (8°N–11°N), and Sahel (11°N–16°N) (source: [49, 50]).
What are the four climates in West Africa?
From north to south — from the Sahara to the humid southern coast — West Africa can be subdivided into five broad east-west belts that characterize the climate and the vegetation. These are the bioclimatic zones known as the Saharan, Sahelian, Sudanian, Guinean, and Guineo-Congolian Regions, shown in the map above.
What are the 4 major climate zones of Africa?
Sub-Saharan Africa has four climate zones: desert, semiarid or Sahel, savanna (grasslands), and tropical forests.
What are the climate regions in Africa?
The climate of Africa is a range of climates such as the equatorial climate, the tropical wet and dry climate, the tropical monsoon climate, the semi-arid climate (semi-desert and steppe), the desert climate (hyper-arid and arid), and the subtropical highland climate.
What are the four main geographic regions of West Africa?
The West African region can be divided into four climatic sub-regions namely the Guinea Coast, Soudano-Sahel, Sahel (extending eastward to the Ethiopian border) and the Sahara, each with different climatic conditions.
What are the climatic regions of Africa?
The six main climate zones of Africa are found to the north and south of the equator, namely, Equatorial, Humid Tropical, Tropical, Semi- desert (Sahalian), Mediterranean and Desert. A climate region is an area with similar temperature and rainfall.
What is the main geographic feature of Central Africa?
The physical geography varies with each country in Central Africa. The most prominent physical landscape is the tropical rain forests of the equatorial region. Highlands can be found in both the western and eastern regions of Central Africa.
What is the climate in Northern Africa?
Current Climatology of North Africa
Along the coast, North Africa has a Mediterranean climate, which is characterized by mild, wet winters and warm, dry summers, with ample rainfall of approximately 400 to 600 mm per year.
Where is West Africa?
By convention, West Africa is the western part of Africa, bounded in the west by the Atlantic Ocean, in the south by the Gulf of Guinea, and in the north by the Sahara and the Sahel, a beltlike semiarid transition zone between the Sahara desert and the Sudanian Savanna.
What climate zone is West Africa in?
The Köppen-Geiger climate zones of West Africa (Kottek et al., 2006), which occur in latitudinal strata as shown in Figure 1 are:-the equatorial monsoon zone, equatorial winter zone, 5 arid steppe zone and arid desert zone.
What is the environment and climate of Eastern Africa?
The climate of eastern Africa is generally tropical, though average temperatures tend to be reduced by the region’s high elevations.
What is the climate in the southern part of West Africa quizlet?
The climate of West Africa ranges from the harsh, arid Sahara in the north to the lush, coastal rain forests in the south. In between are vast stretches of grassland—the dry, semiarid Sahel and the lush, rainier savanna.