How is biodiversity being affected in Sikkim?
Sikkim is no exception and continues to still show up new or rarely-seen species. … Global warming is causing a shift in the location of species in the Himalayas. Researchers in Sikkim reported sighting the ‘small woodbrown butterfly’ in Khanchendzonga National Park, last seen 120 years ago.
What is the biodiversity of Sikkim?
Species wise, the State harbors over 4500 flowering plants, 550 Orchids, 36 Rhododendrons, 16 Conifers, 28 Bamboos, 362 Ferns and its allies, 9 Tree Ferns, 30 Primulas, 11 Oaks, over 424 Medicinal plants, 144+ mammals, 550 Birds, 48 Fishes and over 600 Butterflies.
What is being done in Sikkim to preserve biodiversity?
“The SBFP is a project to strengthen the biodiversity conservation activities and the forest management capacity, and to improve livelihood for the local people who are dependent on forests by promoting sustainable biodiversity conservation, afforestation and income generation activities including eco-tourism for the …
Why Sikkim is called biodiversity hotspot?
Answer: Sikkim is considered as the biodiversity hotspot because there are 5500 flowering plants in Sikkim species only found within this 7096 kilometre square geographical area (Hajra and Verma 1996…….. common medicinal plants of Darjeeling and Sikkim in Himalaya.
How many biodiversity parks are there in Sikkim?
There are 8 protected areas in Sikkim viz., Khangchendzonga National Park, Fambong Lho Wildlife Sanctuary, Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary, Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary, Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary, Shingba Rhododendron Sanctuary, Kitam Bird Sanctuary and Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary covering 46.93% of the total …
What is diversity and biodiversity?
The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
What is importance biodiversity?
Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.
Which one is a bio diversity hotspot in Sikkim *?
Sikkim covering just 0.2 % of the geographical area of the country has tremendous biodiversity and has been identified as one of the HOT-SPOT in the Eastern Himalayas.
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What is the old name of Sikkim?
The Tibetan name for Sikkim is Drenjong (Wylie-transliteration: ‘bras ljongs), which means “valley of rice”, while the Bhutias call it Beyul Demazong, which means ‘”the hidden valley of rice”.
How people of Sikkim contribute in conservation of natural resources?
The Department of Forest, Environment and Wildlife Management (DFEWM) of the Government of Sikkim launched a ten-year initiative in collaboration with JICA through the Sikkim Biodiversity Conservation and Forest Management to strengthen the management of natural resources and alleviate poverty in Sikkim through …
What is your role in conservation of biodiversity?
Biodiversity conservation, the practice of protecting and preserving the wealth and variety of species, habitats, ecosystems, and genetic diversity on the planet, is important for our health, wealth, food, fuel, and services we depend on. … Biodiversity conservation is vital for economic growth and poverty reduction.
What are the major steps for taken by Sikkim government for conservation of environment?
It banned the use of packaged drinking water in government offices and government events. Second, it banned the use of Styrofoam and thermocol disposable plates and cutlery in the entire state in a move to cut down toxic plastic pollution and tackle its ever-increasing garbage problem.
What are unique features of ecology in Sikkim?
The diverse forest types include deciduous Sal, wet hill forests, dense Oak forests, extensive conifer forests and unique Rhododendron thickets giving way to rolling alpine meadows. Ecosystems range from humid tropical valleys to temperate montane habitat, alpine meadows and trans-himalayan cold desert.
What are the major natural resources found in Sikkim?
Several minerals are found in the state, among them, coal, copper, limestone and graphite are the most important. Dolomite, garnet, talc and magnetic are less important. Copper: The ores of copper are widespread in Sikkim and are in the Daling beds.
What is Sikkim flora?
The Nobile Orchid has been declared as the State Flower of Sikkim. In the temperate zone, the flora consist of Oak, Chestnut, Maple, Birch, Alder, Magnolia and Silver Fir. … There are about 35 species of Rhododendrons in Sikkim and are found above the height of 10,000 feet.