India’s northernmost areas are subject to a montane, or alpine, climate. In the Himalayas, the rate at which an air mass’s temperature falls per kilometre (3,281 ft) of altitude gained (the dry adiabatic lapse rate) is 9.8 °C/km.
Where is mountain climate located?
(Also called highland climate.) Generally, the climate of high elevations. Mountain climates are distinguished by the departure of their characteristics from those of surrounding lowlands, and the one common basis for this distinction is that of atmospheric rarefaction.
In which state the mountain climate is experienced in India?
Climatic regions in India
|Name of climatic region||States or territories|
|Mountain climate||Parts of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttaranchal|
|Drought||Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Haryana|
|Tropical semi-arid steppe||Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, and other parts of South India|
Where are most mountainous climates located?
(2) Most mountainous climates are located on the eastern borders of the continents. (3) The largest desert area stretches from western Africa through much of southwestern Asia. Large areas in the north and south received less than ten inches of rainfall annually.
What climate do mountain areas have?
Alpine climate is the typical weather (climate) for the regions above the tree line. This climate is also referred to as a mountain climate or highland climate.
What is India’s tropical climate?
A tropical rainy climate governs regions experiencing persistent warm or high temperatures, which normally do not fall below 18 °C (64 °F). India hosts two climatic subtypes- tropical monsoon climate, tropical wet and dry climate that fall under this group.
What is the climate in mountains and basins?
The climate of the region is also extreme. Summers are very hot, and winters can be cold. Whatever the temperature, this region is almost always dry. In the western areas of the region the average rainfall is less than 9 inches a year.
What is the climate in South India?
The region has a tropical climate and depends on monsoons for rainfall. According to the Köppen climate classification, it has a non-arid climate with minimum mean temperatures of 18 °C (64 °F).
Which state in India has the best climate?
Lying at an elevation of 505 meters from sea level, Hyderabad offers a particularly attractive climate through the year which mote or less remains consistent. The moderate rains bring in the respite from the heat in summers and make Hyderabad one of the best weather cities in India.
What is the type of climate in North East India?
Northeast India (at the confluence of Indo-Malayan, Indo-Chinese, and Indian biogeographical realms) has a predominantly humid sub-tropical climate with hot, humid summers, severe monsoons, and mild winters.
Where is the Alpine region?
Located in Central Europe, the Alps stretch across the countries of France, Italy, Germany, Austria, Slovenia, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein. As with nearby mountain chains, the Alps are very important as they contribute much of what is left of the original forest cover of central and southern Europe.
What is the climate in the Alpine region?
The Alpine biome is one of the coldest biomes in the world. It is so cold because of its high altitudes. Summer temperature range between -12 degrees Celsius to 10 degrees Celsius. The average precipitation is 30 cm a year.
Where is the Mediterranean climate located?
Mediterranean climate, major climate type of the Köppen classification characterized by hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters and located between about 30° and 45° latitude north and south of the Equator and on the western sides of the continents.
How is the climate in the high mountains?
The temperature on mountains becomes colder the higher up you go. So, mountains tend to have wetter climates than the flat land surrounding them. Mountain weather conditions also change drastically. For example, the weather could be clear blue skies, then a thunderstorm minutes later.