Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude.
How does latitude and altitude influence India’s climate?
Latitude: As the earth is round, sunlight does not reach everywhere equally. The temperature decreases as we move from the equator to the poles. Altitude: As we move from the surface of the earth to the higher altitudes, the temperature decreases. … Thus, it influences the temperature accordingly.
How is it that latitude influence climate?
Latitude and Temperature
At higher latitudes, the Sun’s rays are less direct. The farther an area is from the equator, the lower its temperature. At the poles, the Sun’s rays are least direct. Much of the area is covered with ice and snow, which reflect a lot of sunlight.
How does latitude affect the climate of a place Class 9?
Latitude affects the temperature of a place. The places situated at higher altitudes which are far from equator receive less sunlight and places which are located towards the equator which is a 00 latitude receives more sunlight and are hotter than the places located at higher latitudes.
Which factors affect the climate of a place?
Factors that affect the climate of a place:
- Latitude. …
- Elevation. …
- Ocean Currents. …
- Topography. …
- Vegetation. …
- Prevailing winds.
What is the relationship between altitude and temperature of place?
As we go up or our altitude increases, temperature falls. The rate of decrease of temperature is 6.5 degrees C for each 1 km altitude change. This can also be written as 3.6 degree F for every 1000 ft increase in altitude.
Why is latitude important to climate?
Many factors influence the climate of a region. The most important factor is latitude because different latitudes receive different amounts of solar radiation. … Sunlight filters through a thick wedge of atmosphere, making the sunlight much less intense.
Why do places at the same latitude but different altitudes have different climates?
Lower air pressure at higher altitudes means that the atmosphere holds in less heat, making it much colder than it would be at sea level at the same latitude. … Another factor that can affect climate regardless of latitude is ocean currents.
How does altitude affect the climate of a place Class 5?
Altitude refers to the height above sea level. Temperature decreases with increasing height above sea level. This makes the higher areas to have lower temperatures than the lower areas. A rise in altitude causes a fall in temperature and a cooling effect which causes condensation.
What is altitude class 9 geography?
Altitude refers to the height a place above sea level. The higher one travels into the troposphere, the lower the temperature becomes. … As the distance from the sea increases the weather conditions become extreme.
How does latitude of a place affect its climate class 5?
Latitude: Climate of a region depends on the latitude where it lies. equator gets most direct sun rays hence the region falling in this latitude has extreme hot climate. the latitude above equator and below equator has less direct and poles receive no or slanting rays.
How does latitude affect climate PDF?
Latitude: The specific north to south grid positions on earth ranging from 0° at the equator to 90° at the poles. Lower latitudes around the equator get the most sunlight, and as latitude increases temperature decreases. … Elevation: As elevation increases, average yearly temperatures decrease.
What relationship exists between altitude and other climate factors?
Usually, as elevation increases, the weather gets colder and the climate becomes harsher (more intense weathering: windier and colder). There is also less air as elevation increases. As elevation decreases on land that most live on, the climate gets warmer as well as more humid.
How do winds and moisture affect the climate of a place?
The dominant air currents that affect climate are known as prevailing winds. … For example, warm winds that travel over water tend to collect moisture as they travel; the water vapor in the air will condense as it moves into colder climates, which is why temperate coastal areas often receive heavy rainfall.