“The critical factor that has contributed to this rich biological diversity is our ability to protect our forests, in fact, it has been our policy all along to maintain our forests at 50 percent of the total land area.
Why Malaysia is mega biodiversity country?
Malaysia is one of the world’s megadiverse countries. … This is in line with Malaysia’s commitment to maintain at least 50% of forest and tree cover in perpetuity, as pledged at the 1992 Rio Earth Summit. In addition, a total of 10.6% of Malaysia’s land area has been designated as terrestrial protected areas.
Why is biodiversity high in Malaysia?
The large number of species is due to the wet tropical climate, favourable conditions for the growth and evolution of plants and animals, as well as the presence of great diversity of habitats in Malaysia. These habitats include the seas, rivers, forests and mountains.
Why is our country a mega diverse terms of biodiversity?
The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism. The Philippines’ biodiversity provides several ecosystem services.
Is Malaysia a biodiversity hotspot?
Malaysia is part of the Sundaland Biodiversity Hotspot and is ranked 12 globally in terms of its National Biodiversity Index. Malaysia boasts a wealth of biodiversity which includes 306 species of mammals, 742 species of birds, 567 species of reptiles and over 15,000 plant species.
What is mega biodiversity country?
The term megadiverse country refers to any one of a group of nations that harbor the majority of Earth’s species and high numbers of endemic species. Conservation International identified 17 megadiverse countries in 1998. Many of them are located in, or partially in, tropical or subtropical regions.
What are mega biodiversity countries?
The identified Megadiverse Countries are: United States of America, Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Brazil, Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa, Madagascar, India, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, China, and Australia.
Which country has the best biodiversity?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Which part of Malaysia has 60% of the land?
Of the country’s total area, which includes about 265 square miles (690 square km) of inland water, Peninsular Malaysia constitutes about 40 percent and East Malaysia about 60 percent.
What is the most megadiverse country?
The most megadiverse country in the world is Brazil due mainly to the presence of the Amazon Rainforest. The Amazon has the most diverse plant and animal life on the planet, with many different life forms not being present anywhere else on earth.
Why India is known as a mega diversity nation?
Mega means large so mega diversity means a large number and wide range of species present in an ecosystem. As India is very rich in the diversity of plants and animals, so it is called as mega diversity centre .
What are the causes of the country biodiversity?
8 Major Causes of Biodiversity – Explained!
- Habitat Loss and Fragmentation: A habitat is the place where a plant or animal naturally lives. …
- Over-exploitation for Commercialization: …
- Invasive Species: …
- Pollution: …
- Global Climate Change: …
- Population Growth and Over-consumption: …
- Illegal Wildlife Trade: …
- Species extinction:
Why is India called a mega biodiversity country?
India is considered a mega-diversity hotspot due to the great diversity of organisms found here, ranging from eastern to western ghats to northern and southern India as well. … To be a mega diverse country it needs to have 5000 vascular plants species as endemic to the country.
What is Malaysia known for?
What is Malaysia Famous For?
- The Petronas Towers. One of Malaysia’s most recognisable and iconic landmarks is the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur. …
- Stunning Coastal Landscape. …
- Malacca City. …
- Gunung Mulu National Park. …
- Batu Caves. …
- Multiculturalism. …
- Malaysian Food.
Does Malaysia have Fox?
According to Dr Sheema, both the Malayan flying fox (Pteropus vampyrus) and island flying fox (Pteropus hypomelanus) are classified as “Endangered” under Malaysia’s National Red List. Flying foxes are severely threatened worldwide due to over-hunting and deforestation.
How many endemic species are there in Malaysia?
Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia (comprising Sabah, Sarawak and the Federal territory of Labaun) is one of the most bio-diverse countries in the world with 2,199 endemic species.