The Andes Mountains Tropical Hotspot is the world’s most diverse hotspot. About one-sixth of all plant species in the world live in this region. The New Zealand archipelago is another hotspot. Life on New Zealand evolved in isolation, so the islands contain many species not found anywhere else.
Which area in India is a hotspot of biodiversity?
India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.
What is Indo-Burma region?
The Indo-Burma region ranks among the world’s top 10 biodiversity “hotspots”, a term which is used to describe the planet’s most biologically rich and threatened regions. The Indo-Burma Hotspot includes all non-marine parts of Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam, plus parts of southern China.
Which are the hotspots found in India?
Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.
How many hotspots are there in India 2021?
Biodiversity Hotspots in India are four in number. Across the world, 36 areas qualify as Biodiversity hotspots.
How many biodiversity hotspots are there in Assam?
Assam has the distinction of having 2 UNESCO World Heritage sites (Manas and Kaziranga) 2 Biosphere Reserves (Dibru-Saikhowa and Manas) 4 Tiger Reserves (Kaziranga, Manas, Nameri and Rajib Gandhi Orang National Parks) and 5 Elephant Reserves.
What is a hotspot region?
A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened by human habitation. … Biodiversity hotspots host their diverse ecosystems on just 2.4% of the planet’s surface, however, the area defined as hotspots covers a much larger proportion of the land.
Is Indo-Burma a biodiversity hotspot?
Indo-Burma is a biodiversity hotspot designated by Conservation International.
Where is Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspot?
The Indo-Burma Biodiversity Hotspot, which covers Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam, and parts of southern China, is one of the most biologically rich − and highly threatened − places on the globe.
Is Western Ghats biodiversity hotspot?
The Western Ghats are one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots with over 5,000 flowering plants, 139 mammals, 508 birds and 179 amphibian species. At least 325 globally threatened species occur here. … The Western Ghats are being considered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.