They are hot and wet all year round – this creates a humid climate. The annual rainfall is high as it rains almost every day. The temperatures are constant all year round – the temperature range is usually only a few degrees. There are no seasons.
What are the main characteristics of the climate of equatorial region Class 9?
Chief features of the climate of the equatorial region are :
It receives a large amount of insolation. Relative humidity remains high throughout the year. Almost equal days and nights throughout the year. Little seasonal variation in the climatic conditions because of vertical sun rays all the year-round.
What type of climate is found in equatorial regions?
A tropical rainforest climate or equatorial climate is a tropical climate usually found within 10 to 15 degrees latitude of the equator. They experience high mean annual temperatures, small temperature ranges, and rain that falls throughout the year.
What are the characteristics of equatorial region?
wet equatorial climate, major climate type of the Köppen classification characterized by consistently high temperatures (around 30 °C [86 °F]), with plentiful precipitation (150–1,000 cm [59–394 inches]), heavy cloud cover, and high humidity, with very little annual temperature variation.
What are the characteristics features of the equatorial vegetation?
Vegetation in equatorial regions is comprised of four vertical layers starting from the canopy of tree to the ferns on ground. 2. The tallest trees can attain a height of 150 feet or above. Trees have thick canopies which don’t let sunlight to reach the ground.
What are the main characteristics of climate?
The most familiar features of a region’s climate are probably average temperature and precipitation. Changes in day-to-day, day-to-night, and seasonal variations also help determine specific climates. For example, San Francisco, California, and Beijing, China, have similar yearly temperatures and precipitation.
What is the climate in equatorial Africa?
Regions with the equatorial, or tropical wet, type of climate, or variants thereof, are the wettest in Africa. … Because areas with an equatorial climate are constantly covered by warm maritime air masses, variations in their monthly and daily temperatures are less pronounced than in the tropical wet-and-dry regions.
Where is equatorial climate?
Location of Equatorial Climate:
Equatorial type of climate, also known as tropical rainforest wet climate or simply Af climate, is located up to 5° to 10° latitudes on either side of the equator (fig. 39.1) but at some places it extends up to 15°-25° latitudes mainly along the eastern margins of the continents.
What causes equatorial climate?
The air above the Equator is very hot and rises, creating an area of low pressure. The Equator experiences high amounts of rainfall due to this rising air resulting in a warm and wet equatorial climate (eg the Amazon and Congo tropical rainforests). … This is because sinking air does not result in precipitation.
Why is equatorial climate described as hot and wet?
Places near the equator experience maximum heat from the sun and therefore, experiencing warm to hot temperatures all the year except in hilly areas. The warm to hot temperatures lead to high moisture content in the atmosphere which results into high precipitation with two peaks of rainfall or bimodal rainfall.
What are the main economic activities in the hot and humid climate of equatorial region?
Forestry, farming, and fishing are also major components of GDP. Subsistence farming predominates.
Which major climate zone is Trinidad located in?
The country lies in the tropics, enjoying a generally pleasant maritime tropical climate influenced by the northeast trade winds. In Trinidad the annual mean temperature is 26 °C (78.8 °F), and the average maximum temperature is 34 °C (93.2 °F).
What are the five characteristics of climate?
Global climates are often divided into five types: tropical, dry, temperate, cold and polar. These climate divisions take a variety of factors into consideration, including altitude, pressure, wind patterns, latitude and geographical characteristics, such as mountains and oceans.
What is equatorial region in geography?
The equatorial region is located between 5° and 10° latitude on either side of the equator. It stretches in the Amazon lowlands in South America, Congo basin in Africa and the East Indies, from Sumatra to New Guinea. • Being located near the equator, it is characterized by high sunshine throughout the year.
What is climate distinguish the differences between weather and climate?
Weather reflects short-term conditions of the atmosphere while climate is the average daily weather for an extended period of time at a certain location. … Weather can change from minute-to-minute, hour-to-hour, day-to-day, and season-to-season. Climate, is the average of weather over time and space.