What are the reasons for the decline of wildlife in India Class 11?

Some of the important reasons of the declining of wildlife are as follows: (i)Industrial and technological advancement brought about a rapid increase in the exploitation of forest resources. (ii) More and more lands were cleared for agriculture, human settlement, roads, mining, reservoirs, etc.

What are the reason for decline of wildlife?

The “Living Planet Report 2020”, published on Thursday, said that environmental degradation, climate change, overexploitation of species, invasive species and population are the major contributing factors in the decline in biodiversity between 1970 and 2016.

Why has there been a huge decline in the wildlife of India?

Explanation: The exploitation of land and forest resources by humans along with capturing and trapping for food and sport has led to the extinction of many species in India in recent times. These species include mammals such as the Asiatic cheetah, wild zebu, Indian Javan rhinoceros, and Northern Sumatran rhinoceros.

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Why the wildlife is decreasing day by day in India?

Pollution is another major reason for the decrease in wildlife in India. … Thus, due to human encroachment in the natural habitat of wild animals, deforestation, smuggling, poaching, overfishing and pollution, wildlife in India is decreasing day by day.

What is the difference between forest area and forest cover Class 11?

The forest area is the area notified and recorded as the forest land irrespective of the existence of trees, while the actual forest cover is the area occupied by forests with canopy.

Why is India’s biodiversity declining in recent years?

“For a megadiverse country like India, which has been seeing a decline in forests, natural wetlands, and marine biodiversity due to urbanisation, land degradation, pollution and landuse change, bolder conservation efforts are key to reversing the trend,” added Ravi Singh, CEO of WWF-India.

Why are several species of wildlife of India declining rapidly What measures have been taken by government to protect wildlife?

Ans. Due to cutting of forests and hunting, several species of wildlife of India are declining rapidly. Many species have already become extinct.

How is wildlife in India under threat?

Habitat destruction is the main cause for wildlife extinction in India. … According to IUCN, habitat loss and degradation have affected about 89 percent of all threatened birds, 83 percent of mammals and 91 percent of all threatened plants globally.

Which animals are decreasing day by day?

Tiger is the national animal of India. The number of tigers is decreasing day by day.


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Animal Habitat
2. Nilgiri Tahr The Tropical rainforests of the Western Ghats and it can be spotted in Nilgiri hills, Animallai hills, Periyar wildlife sanctuary.

How is Wildlife endangered in India Wikipedia?

This includes the illicit exploitation of natural resources, such as poaching of animals and unauthorized logging of trees. … Major wildlife crime in India includes poaching of tigers, rhinos and the sale of Star tortoises. Tigers are an endangered species, poached for their skin and bones to cater to an illegal market.

Why the number of wild animals are decreasing day by day?

Answer: Wildlife in India is decreasing day by day because of poaching, pollution and rapidly occuring deforestation. ii) Industrialization, habitat destruction, over kill, extinction chains are also some reasons of decrease in wildlife. … Thus the wildlife is decreasing day by day.

Which state has highest forest area in India?

Map of States having largest forest cover in India

Rank States with Highest Forest Cover 2013 Total Forest Cover in Sq kms
1 Madhya Pradesh 77,482
2 Arunachal Pradesh 66,688
3 Chhattisgarh 55,611
4 Odisha 51,619

Why Lakshadweep has no forest area?

The Union Territory of Lakshadweep does not have any notified forests. About 82% of the land mass is covered by privately owned coconut plantations. Being an archipelago consisting of 36 islands with an area of 30 sq km, Lakshadweep has a vast lagoon of 4,200 sq km with sandy beaches and abundance of marine fauna.

What steps have been taken to conserve forests Class 11 geography?

Based on forest conservation policy, following steps are being taken : (i)Social forestry : It means the management and protection of forests and afforestation on barren lands. (ii)Urban forestry pertains to raising and management of trees on public and private lands.

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