UK BAP priority habitats cover a wide range of semi-natural habitat types, and were those that were identified as being the most threatened and requiring conservation action under the UK Biodiversity Action Plan (UK BAP).
What is a BAP habitat?
UK BAP Priority Habitats are a range of semi-natural habitat types that were identified as being the most threatened and requiring conservation action. … The suite of habitats of principal importance for the conservation of biodiversity (formerly Priority Habitats) nest into the defined Broad Habitat Types.
What is the BAP strategy?
A biodiversity action plan (BAP) is an internationally recognized program addressing threatened species and habitats and is designed to protect and restore biological systems. The original impetus for these plans derives from the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).
What is priority habitat inventory?
The Priority Habitats’ Inventory (PHI) project began in April 2012 and combines the existing individual BAP habitat inventories into one national polygon layer. … 25 individual priority habitat inventories. • ENSIS (Natural England’s SSSI database) & Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) management units.
What is the UK biodiversity Partnership?
The United Kingdom Biodiversity Action Plan or (UK BAP) was the UK government’s response to the Convention on Biological Diversity, opened for signature at the Rio Earth Summit in 1992. The UK was the first country to produce a national Biodiversity Action Plan.
What are BAP species?
UK BAP priority species were those that were identified as being the most threatened and requiring conservation action under the UK Biodiversity Action Plan (UK BAP). The original list of UK BAP priority species was created between 1995 and 1999.
What habitats are protected in the UK?
Sites protected at a national level include National Nature Reserves, Marine Nature Reserves and Areas of Special Scientific Interest (ASSIs) in Northern Ireland or Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) in Scotland. Local Nature Reserves are protected statutorily at a local level.
How the draft of BAP is prepared?
The process leading up to preparation of the BAP has involved broad participation from governments, academia and civil society through national and regional-level consultative workshops to develop and review the draft document.
What does the UK BAP do?
The UK was the first country to produce a national biodiversity action plan. The UK BAP described the biological resources of the UK and provided detailed plans for conservation of these resources.
Why are habitats destroyed?
Habitat destruction by human activity is mainly for the purpose of harvesting natural resources for industry production and urbanization. Clearing habitats for agriculture is the principal cause of habitat destruction. Other important causes of habitat destruction include mining, logging, trawling and urban sprawl.
Is scrub a priority habitat?
Scrub forms of W17 and W18 should be included within the appropriate woodland priority habitat.
Is Plantation woodland a priority habitat?
This priority habitat encompasses all woodland which is not ancient (established since 1600), and which contains predominantly broadleaf species. This includes plantation, secondary and developing woodland.
What does SSSI land mean?
A Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) is a formal conservation designation. Usually, it describes an area that’s of particular interest to science due to the rare species of fauna or flora it contains – or even important geological or physiological features that may lie in its boundaries.
How biodiverse is the UK?
The UK boasts more than 70,000 known species of animals, plants, fungi and microorganisms.
Why is biodiversity important in the UK?
Biodiversity is key to the survival of life on Earth. … For example, the enormous value of inland wetlands to water quality, the value of pollination to agriculture, the health benefits of experiencing nature and, not least, how nature and wildlife enrich all our lives.
Do the UK’s national parks adequately preserve biodiversity?
England’s National Parks support rich and diverse habitats and wildlife. Over 23 per cent of land in the National Parks is designated as Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs), and over 330,000 hectares is recognised and protected as being of international conservation importance.