What are direct and indirect ecosystem services?
Ecosystem services, defined as positive benefits (direct or indirect) that organisms or natural systems provide to people, including provisioning (e.g., food, water, fiber), regulating (e.g., climate, floods, disease), cultural (e.g., recreational, aesthetic, and spiritual benefits), and supporting (e.g., soil …
What is an example of a direct ecosystem service?
Direct benefits are, for example, the provision of nutritious foods and clean water, called “provisioning services”, or the regulation of features such as floods, land degradation, desiccation, soil salinization, pests, and diseases, called regulating services.
What is direct value ecosystem?
(of Ecosystems) The economic or social value of the goods or benefits derived from the services provided by an ecosystem that are used directly by an economic agent. These include consumptive uses (e.g., harvesting goods) and non-consumptive uses (e.g., enjoyment of scenic beauty).
What is a direct ecosystem service?
When people are asked to identify a service provided by nature, most think of food. Fruits, vegetables, trees, fish, and livestock are available to us as direct products of ecosystems. A provisioning service is any type of benefit to people that can be extracted from nature.
What are indirect ecosystem services?
There has been less focus on ecological function particularly for indirect ecosystem service provision which is defined as those benefits which are ‘derived from the environment without the intervention of man’ (Pearce and Turner 1990. 1990.
What are the indirect uses of ecosystem?
Other indirect uses including gene flow, pollination, absorption, carbon sequestration & breakdown of pollutants (in air, water), maintaining soil fertility by soil microflora, are essential services that is provided by biodiversity.
What are 5 examples of ecosystem services?
Examples of ecosystem services include products such as food and water, regulation of floods, soil erosion and disease outbreaks, and non-material benefits such as recreational and spiritual benefits in natural areas.
- soil formation.
- nutrient cycling.
- water cycling.
- primary production.
What are the 4 major ecosystem processes?
A brief introduction to the basic ecosystem processes: water cycle, mineral cycle, solar energy flow, and community dynamics (succession). Monitoring these 4 processes tells you whether landscape health is improving or deteriorating, long before damage or improvement become obvious.
What are 4 examples of ecosystem services?
There, ecosystem services are grouped into four broad categories: provisioning, such as the production of food and water; regulating, such as the control of climate and disease; supporting, such as nutrient cycles and oxygen production; and cultural, such as spiritual and recreational benefits.
What is an example of direct value?
Direct values include the ways in which biodiversity is used or consumed by man e.g. fishery and forestry products, as well as the ways in which it affects mankind through its ecological processes e.g. watershed protection or the role of vegetation in the carbon and water cycles.
What is direct economic value?
Direct economic value generated and distributed is a metric that indicates the wealth that we create through our operations and the subsequent allocation of our revenue by stakeholder group.
What is an example of indirect value?
The benefits derived from the goods and services provided by an ecosystem that are used indirectly by an economic agent. For example, an agent at some distance from an ecosystem may derive benefits from drinking water that has been purified as it passed through the ecosystem.
What are the 3 ecosystem services?
More About Ecosystem Services
- Provisioning Services or the provision of food, fresh water, fuel, fiber, and other goods;
- Regulating Services such as climate, water, and disease regulation as well as pollination;
- Supporting Services such as soil formation and nutrient cycling; and.
What are the different types of ecosystem?
The different types of the ecosystem include:
- Terrestrial ecosystem.
- Forest ecosystem.
- Grassland ecosystem.
- Desert ecosystem.
- Tundra ecosystem.
- Freshwater ecosystem.
- Marine ecosystem.
What is an example of ecosystem?
Examples of ecosystems are: agroecosystem, aquatic ecosystem, coral reef, desert, forest, human ecosystem, littoral zone, marine ecosystem, prairie, rainforest, savanna, steppe, taiga, tundra, urban ecosystem and others.