Biodiversity is all the different kinds of life you’ll find in one area—the variety of animals, plants, fungi, and even microorganisms like bacteria that make up our natural world. Each of these species and organisms work together in ecosystems, like an intricate web, to maintain balance and support life.
What is the importance of biodiversity to plants and animals?
Many livelihoods, such as those of farmers, fishers and timber workers, are dependent on biodiversity . Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.
What is plant biodiversity definition?
Plant biodiversity encompasses the ecosystem level, species diversity, and the genetic diversity within species.
What is an example of biodiversity in animals?
Most people recognize biodiversity by species—a group of individual living organisms that can interbreed. Examples of species include blue whales, white-tailed deer, white pine trees, sunflowers, and microscopic bacteria that can’t even be seen by the naked eye.
How is the diversity of plants & animals throughout the world?
The diversity of plants and animals is not uniform throughout the world, but shows a rather uneven distribution. In general, species diversity decreases from equator to the poles. Name the geographical region that has the maximum biodiversity. Also, name the biome of this region.
What is diversity and biodiversity?
The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
What do you mean by animal diversity?
The diverse appearance of animals is mostly superficial; the bewildering variety of known forms, some truly bizarre, can be assorted among a mere half-dozen basic body plans. These plans are established during the embryonic stages of development and limit the size and complexity of the animals.
Why is plant biodiversity?
Diversity of plants and animals is very important. It makes living things adaptable. It allows wild and domesticated species to withstand threats like diseases, climate changes, pests, and other unpredictable conditions.
What are the 4 types of plant diversity?
The diversity in plant life can be understood from the following headings:
- I. Diversity on The Basis of Habitat:
- On the basis of habitat, plants may be classified into following groups:
- These plants may be:
What are the 3 types of biodiversity?
Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity.
What is the best example of biodiversity?
The definition of biodiversity refers to the amount of diversity between different plants, animals and other species in a given habitat at a particular time. The different varieties and types of animals and plants that live in the ocean is an example of biodiversity.
What is biodiversity in simple words?
Biodiversity is the shortened form of two words “biological” and “diversity”. It refers to all the variety of life that can be found on Earth (plants, animals, fungi and micro-organisms) as well as to the communities that they form and the habitats in which they live.
What is the role of animals in biodiversity?
Animals play a vital role in maintaining the balance and sustainability of an ecosystem. Typically, some animals play a significant role in agriculture, while others facilitate pollination. Similarly, animals are also responsible for maintaining the nitrogen cycle.