Topography refers to the form of the landscape—its steepness, shape, and slope aspect (the direction a slope faces). Even within a relatively small area, variations in topography can create variations in temperature, moisture, and exposure to sun and wind.
What is topography and example?
Topography is the study of the land surface. In particular, it lays the underlying foundation of a landscape. For example, topography refers to mountains, valleys, rivers, or craters on the surface. … Nine out of ten topographic maps show contour lines, which are just lines of equal elevation.
What is topography environment?
Topography is defined by several morphometric parameters: elevation, slope, curvature, configuration of stream and river valley network, depth of valley incision, etc.
What are the topographic factors in ecology?
Topographic factors such as elevation, slope angle, slope aspect, general curvature, plan curvature, and profile curvature are considered as the main causes of landslides. In order to determine the dominant topographic factors in landslide mapping analysis, a study was conducted and presented in this paper.
How does topography affect the ecosystem?
Topography affects abiotic conditions which can influence the structure, function and dynamics of ecological communities. … In all plots, canopy height increased with topographic wetness but the effect was much stronger in dry compared to wet forest plots.
What is called topography?
Topography is the study of the forms and features of land surfaces. … Topography in a narrow sense involves the recording of relief or terrain, the three-dimensional quality of the surface, and the identification of specific landforms; this is also known as geomorphometry.
What’s the difference between topography and geography?
While both focus on the study of the Earth, topography focuses on the surface, while geography delves a bit more into the features of the Earth.
What is topography in agricultural science?
Topography—that is, the surface of the soil and its relation to other areas—influences efficiency of operation. In modern mechanized farming, large, relatively level fields allow for lower operating costs.
What is topography in simple words?
Topography is a detailed map of the surface features of land. It includes the mountains, hills, creeks, and other bumps and lumps on a particular hunk of earth.
What is topography in climate?
The topography of an area can influence the weather and climate. Topography is the relief of an area. If an area is close to a body of water it tends to make milder climates. Mountainous areas tend to have more extreme weather because it acts as a barrier to air movements and moisture.
What are the three main types of topography?
- Karst Topography. Karst topography describes the distinct landscape that is made when underlying rocks dissolve or change shape. …
- Mountain Topography. Topographical maps show landforms such as hills and mountains. …
- Vegetation, Elevation and Glaciers.
How does topography affect vegetation?
It is commonly observed that topography strongly affects the state and distribution of vegetation. This topographic effect is normally considered to operate through the regulation of the incoming solar radiation and lateral redistribution of water and elements.
What do you mean by topographic factor?
The factors concerned with topography or physical features of an area are called topographic factors. Topographic factors include height, direction of slope, steepness of the slope.
How does topography affect plants and animals?
Summary: A warming climate is likely to drive species to higher, cooler altitudes. According to new research, mid-altitudes host the largest number of species because the size and the connectedness of similar habitats are greatest there. …
How does topography affect weathering?
Imagine changes in elevation of landscape over a larger area, for example, mountains, hills, lakes and valleys. More specifically speaking, topography aids in changing precipitation and temperature. A general rule of thumb in understanding weather is warm air rises and cold air sinks.
How does topography affect biodiversity?
Topographic relief links climatic and tectonic forcings to biological evolution (Badgley et al., 2017) . … Relief enlarges environmental gradients and offers varied habitats, among other factors that form and maintain diversity (Badgley et al., 2017) .