“the ability of a system to adjust to climate change (including climate variability and extremes) to moderate potential damages, to take advantage of opportunities, or to cope with the consequences.”
What is vulnerability in terms of climate change?
Vulnerability is a function of the character, magnitude and rate of climate change and variation to which a system is EXPOSED, its SENSITIVITY, and its ADAPTIVE CAPACITY. … and unable to cope with, adverse effects of climate change, including climate variability and extremes.
What is adaptive capacity in vulnerability?
The vulnerability of a population, species or community is considered a function of three elements: exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity3,4,10. … Adaptive capacity is the potential for species or populations to tolerate or adapt to climate change10.
What is adaptation in the context of climate change?
Adapting to climate change means taking action to prepare for and adjust to both the current effects of climate change the predicted impacts in the future. Global emissions of greenhouse gases are still on the rise.
What is vulnerability adaptation?
sensitivity of the system to changes in climate and the ability to adapt the system. to changes in climate. Hence, a highly vulnerable system is one that is highly. sensitive to modest changes in climate and one for which the ability to adapt is.
What is vulnerability in climate change adaptation?
Vulnerability is often framed in dialogue with climate adaptation. … Vulnerability (to climate change) was defined as “the degree to which a system is susceptible to, and unable to cope with, adverse effects of climate change, including climate variability and extremes” (p. 89).
What factors affect vulnerability to climate change?
Following the work of Busby et al., five factors were selected that interact to influence overall vulnerability to climate change: (1) climate-related hazards and physical exposure, (2) human- induced environmental stress (a factor unique to this model), (3) population density, (4) household vulnerability, and (5) …
What is adaptive capacity in climate change?
Adaptive Capacity: The ability of a system to adjust to climate change (including climate variability and extremes) to moderate potential damages, to take advantage of opportunities, or to cope with consequences.
What do you mean by adaptive capacity?
Definition: The general ability of institutions, systems, and individuals to adjust to potential damage, to take advantage of opportunities, or to cope with the consequences. Source: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment.
How does adaptive capacity reduce vulnerability?
Adaptive capacity that is low, relative to exposure and sensitivity, contributes to high vulnerability (top). By contrast, higher adaptive capacity helps reduce the effects of exposure and sensitivity, and in turn reduces vulnerability (bottom).
What is adaptation to climate change with example?
Adaptation – adapting to life in a changing climate – involves adjusting to actual or expected future climate. … It also encompasses making the most of any potential beneficial opportunities associated with climate change (for example, longer growing seasons or increased yields in some regions).
What is adaptation to climate change explain with example?
Reactive: Adaptation that is undertaken in response to an effect of climate change that has already been experienced. Example: Individual houses that are upgraded to new building standards only after a cyclone destroys their roofs.
What are the types of adaptation in climate change?
The IPCC provides a broad definition by distinguishing various types of adaptation (e.g., anticipatory, reactive, public, planned adaptation, etc.) and focuses not only on technical adaptation measures but also on institutional responses. The IPCC definition also includes adaptation of natural systems not just human.
What is the difference between vulnerability and capacity?
Vulnerability is an outcome reflecting the underlying causes in relation to a threat, and the capacities of the individuals determine the level of vulnerability. Needs refer to the immediate requirements for survival and recovery.
What is risk adaptation?
Risk-adaptation theory assumes that road users implicitly evaluate their risks by oppositely oriented, single-peaked valence functions of arousal and fear sensations as dependent aspects of risks in road traffic.
What are the 4 types of vulnerability?
The different types of vulnerability
According to the different types of losses, the vulnerability can be defined as physical vulnerability, economic vulnerability, social vulnerability and environmental vulnerability.