Tropical rainforests support the greatest diversity of living organisms on Earth. Although they cover less than 2 percent of Earth’s surface, rainforests house more than 50 percent of all plants and animals found on land.
What climate zone has the most biodiversity?
Tropical forests have the highest biodiversity and primary productivity of any of the terrestrial biomes.
What zone has the most diversity?
The middle tide zone is submerged and exposed for equal amounts of time. The low tide zone is only exposed during low tide and has the greatest biodiversity of the three zones because it provides more favorable conditions for those organisms that cannot tolerate air exposure for long.
Which location has the highest plant species diversity?
Brazil. It is the country with the greatest biodiversity of flora and fauna on the planet. Brazil has the highest number of species of known mammals and freshwater fish, and more than 50,000 species of trees and bushes, it takes first place in plant diversity.
What climate has the highest diversity of tree species?
Quantile regression of the data showed that the three diversity parameters of tree species are generally higher in cold, humid temperate climates than in dry, hot climates.
What habitat has the greatest biodiversity?
Species richness is greatest in tropical ecosystems. Tropical rain forests on land and coral reefs in marine systems are among the most biologically diverse ecosystems on Earth and have become the focus of popular attention.
Which habitat exhibits the greatest biodiversity?
Specifically, biodiversity of land species is greatest in tropical forests and marine diversity is greatest along coral reefs.
Which species has most diversity?
The sponges, Poriferans, were found to have some of the greatest diversity of both body size and species, ranging from microscopic to the size of an automobile. Molluscs (snails, squid, clams, chitons), and Arthropods (crabs, insects, lobsters, copepods) also showed great diversity.
Which type of habitat would have greater species diversity?
There is more biodiversity within tropical ecosystems than temperate or boreal ecosystems. In fact, tropical rain forests have the most diversity.
Why is species diversity greater in tropical regions?
The higher temperatures in the tropics cause higher rates of metabolism, ecological dynamics and coevolutionary processes, which generate and maintain higher biodiversity.
What state has the most plant diversity?
New research has found that Alabama has more plant and animal species, both living and dead, than any other state in the nation.
Which city has the highest biodiversity?
The world’s most biodiverse urban area, in raw numbers and with an understanding for its value, could be Cape Town, according to Thomas Elmqvist, editor of Urbanization, Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Challenges and Opportunities and leader of the United Nation’s City and Biodiversity Outlook Project.
What state has the most diverse plants?
Botanists have long recognized California as a biodiversity hotspot. With more than 5,500 native plant species, 40 percent of which are “endemic” (occurring nowhere else), California has more species and more endemic species than any other U.S. state, and is more species rich than most other places on Earth.
Which environment is characterized by the highest diversity of tree species *?
Tropical forests are characterized by the greatest diversity of species. They occur near the equator, within the area bounded by latitudes 23.5 degrees N and 23.5 degrees S.
Which biome because of its climate has the largest number of species of plants and animals?
Tropical rainforests have the highest biodiversity in the world. This means that there are many different types of plants and animals in the same area. Tropical rainforests are located around the equator in places such as Brazil and Cameroon.
Which type of forest contains the largest diversity of plant species quizlet?
Tropical rain forests of Africa, Asia, the Pacific region, and Central and South America, as we’ve seen, contain an unusually large number of species of plants and animals and probably other groups of organisms. Half of the world’s biodiversity hotspots are in tropical rain forests.