Tropical forests have the highest biodiversity and primary productivity of any of the terrestrial biomes.
What climate has the most biodiversity?
This article addresses the climate and biodiversity of one of Earth’s most diverse and iconic biomes: the tropical rainforest. The tropical rainforest biome has four main characteristics: very high annual rainfall, high average temperatures, nutrient-poor soil, and high levels of biodiversity (species richness).
What areas have the most biodiversity?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
What climate region allows biodiversity?
Tropical forests support the highest biodiversity of all biomes. They occur near the equator where 1) day lengths are long and vary little from 12 hours, 2) rainfall is higher than any other biome, and 3) temperatures are high, averaging around 20-25° C, with little seasonal variation (see Figures 7a & 9e).
Which habitat is most likely to have the greatest biodiversity?
Species richness is greatest in tropical ecosystems. Tropical rain forests on land and coral reefs in marine systems are among the most biologically diverse ecosystems on Earth and have become the focus of popular attention.
Which species has most diversity?
The sponges, Poriferans, were found to have some of the greatest diversity of both body size and species, ranging from microscopic to the size of an automobile. Molluscs (snails, squid, clams, chitons), and Arthropods (crabs, insects, lobsters, copepods) also showed great diversity.
In which forest the highest biodiversity is found?
Option A: The maximum biodiversity is found in tropical rain forests as they are less seasonal, they are neither too hot nor too cold and are more predictable. Therefore, this is the correct option. These kinds of environments help in promoting niche specialization and also leads to greater species diversity.
Why do warmer climates have greater biodiversity?
Diversity increases with temperature
The warmer it is, the greater the diversity. “The more groups of animals and plants you investigate in parallel, the greater the significance of temperature for explaining biodiversity, whereas the importance of all other variables decreases accordingly.”
Which climate supports more diverse vegetation?
Tropical rainforests, which worldwide make up one of Earth’s largest biomes (major life zones), are dominated by broad-leaved trees that form a dense upper canopy (layer of foliage) and contain a diverse array of vegetation and other life.
Why do warm climates provide greater biodiversity?
Sample Response: Warm climates allow for a year-round growing season. Plants are more available as a food resource, which can support more organisms. … Warm climates allow for a year-round growing season. More availability of plants provides more food resources for a greater number of organisms.
Is there more biodiversity on Earth near the equator or pole?
Species diversity is higher at the equator than at the poles. In biological terms, this is referred to as the latitudinal diversity gradient (LDG), in which the number of species increases from the poles to the Equator. This ranks among the broadest and most notable biodiversity patterns on Earth.
Which biome has the highest biodiversity lowest?
Tropical forests are widely considered to have the greatest species diversity of the terrestrial biomes and the tundra biome has the least.