Which places are biodiversity hotspots?

Where are biodiversity hotspots located?

Biodiversity hotspots are located only in tropical regions. India has four biodiversity hotspots, i.e., Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, Western Ghats and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

What are the biodiversity hotspots in the world?

Biodiversity Hotspots of the World

  • Eastern Afro-Montane.
  • The Guinean forests of Western Africa.
  • Horn of Africa.
  • Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands.
  • Maputoland, Podoland, Albany hotspot.
  • Succulent Karou.
  • East Malanesian islands.
  • South Africa’s Cape floristic hotspot.

What are 2 biodiversity hotspots?

Many of the biodiversity hotspots exceed the two criteria. For example, both the Sundaland Hotspot in Southeast Asia and the Tropical Andes Hotspot in South America have about 15,000 endemic plant species. The loss of vegetation in some hotspots has reached a startling 95 percent.

What are the 36 biodiversity hotspot?

List of 36 Biodiversity Hotspots

  • North and Central America. These continents play host to thousands and thousands of acres of important habitats. …
  • South America. …
  • Central Asia.
  • Africa. …
  • Cerrado, Brazil. …
  • Himalayas. …
  • Polynesia-Micronesia, Southern Pacific Ocean. …
  • Atlantic Forest – Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Uruguay.
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What are biodiversity hotspots and where are they located?

A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that is both a significant reservoir of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. The term biodiversity hotspot specifically refers to 25 biologically rich areas around the world that have lost at least 70 percent of their original habitat.

Is the biodiversity hotspot region?

A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened by human habitation. … Biodiversity hotspots host their diverse ecosystems on just 2.4% of the planet’s surface, however, the area defined as hotspots covers a much larger proportion of the land.

How many biodiversity hotspots are there in Assam?

Assam has the distinction of having 2 UNESCO World Heritage sites (Manas and Kaziranga) 2 Biosphere Reserves (Dibru-Saikhowa and Manas) 4 Tiger Reserves (Kaziranga, Manas, Nameri and Rajib Gandhi Orang National Parks) and 5 Elephant Reserves.

How many biodiversity hotspots are there in Pakistan?

As a consequence of these geographical and climatic factors, Pakistan has been divided into 10 major ecological or vegetative zones.

Is Trinidad a biodiversity hotspot?

Home to an astounding number of tropical ecosystems and over 3,000 species and counting (including 470 bird species in just 2,000 square miles), Trinidad and Tobago is an often overlooked gem in the world’s biodiversity. …

Why is Madagascar a biodiversity hotspot?

While our planet is a wonderland of wildlands, there are few places as spectacular as Madagascar, a Biodiversity Hotspot. … Madagascar is home to thousands of endemic plants and animals found nowhere else on the planet that have evolved over the 90 million years that it has been secluded from the rest of the world.

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What are the hotspot of biodiversity in India?

It hosts four biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and Sundaland (including the Nicobar Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species. Nearly 5% of India’s total area is formally classified under protected areas.

How many biodiversity hotspots are there in Kerala?

The Western Ghats region, wherein the state is situated, is one of the 25 biodiversity hotspots in the whole world. The state contains more than 4,500 species of flowering plants of which above 1,500 taxa are endemic in nature.

Biodiversity Hotspot.

Category Flowering Plants
Kerala 4500
India 17500
% to the Indian Flora 25.71

Is Kenya a biodiversity hotspot?

Kenya’s coastal forests revealed as global biodiversity hotspot.

What are the hotspots in India?

Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.