The National Biodiversity Authority is mandated to regulate use of India’s biological resources; facilitates/ enable conservation action and provides advice to Central and State Governments on issues of conservation, sustainable use and access and benefit sharing.
Why do we have the Biodiversity Act?
The Biological Diversity Act, 2002. The act was enacted in 2002, it aims at the conservation of biological resources, managing its sustainable use and enabling fair and equitable sharing benefits arising out of the use and knowledge of biological resources with the local communities.
The NBA is a Statutory Body and it performs facilitative, regulatory and advisory functions for the Government of India on issues of conservation, sustainable use of biological resources and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of biological resources.
When was National Biodiversity Authority established?
Welcome to National Biodiversity Authority:
The NBA is a Statutory body and that performs facilitative, regulatory and advisory function for Government of India on issue of Conservation, sustainable use of biological resource and fair equitable sharing of benefits of use.
What biodiversity means?
The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
What is the value of biodiversity?
Biodiversity is essential for preserving ecological processes, such as fixing and recycling of nutrients, soil formation, circulation and cleansing of air and water, global life support, maintaining the water balance within ecosystems, watershed protection, maintaining stream and river flows throughout the year, …
National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) directly monitors and supervises the scientific research on genetic modification of crop plants. … Application for Intellectual Property Rights related to genetic/biological resources can not be made without the approval of NBA.
How does National Biodiversity Authority help in protecting the Indian agriculture?
How does National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) help in protecting the Indian agriculture? 1. NBA checks the biopiracy and protects the indigenous and traditional genetic resources. … National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) directly monitors and supervises the scientific research on genetic modification of crop plants.
How does National Biodiversity Authority help in protecting the Indian agriculture UPSC 2012?
How does National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) help in protecting the Indian agriculture? NBA checks the biopiracy and protects the indigenous and traditional genetic resources. NBA directly monitors and supervises the scientific research on genetic modification of crop plants.
What is benefit sharing under biodiversity Act?
Benefit Sharing – Equitable sharing of the benefits (both monetary and non-monetary), arising out of the use of accessed biological resources, their by-products, innovations and practices associated with their use and applications and knowledge relating thereto in accordance with mutually agreed terms and conditions …
What is National Biodiversity Authority structure and when it was established?
The National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) is a statutory autonomous body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and climate change, Government of India established in 2003 to implement the provisions under the Biological Diversity Act, 2002, after India signed Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in 1992.
Why biodiversity is of great scientific value?
Why biodiversity is of great scientific value? Explanation: During the usage of many species for research and in turn we get a lot of knowledge on plants, insects and animals from this we find better ways of making medicines, hybrid plants, and many other things that are helpful to humans.
How many National Biodiversity Authority are there in India?
Accordingly, in all the 29 States, SBBs have been established.. Biodiversity Management Committees are to be established under Section 41 of the Act at local level. The BMCs play a vital role in documenting biodiversity, their sustainable use and in dealing with Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) issues.
What are the 3 main levels of biodiversity?
Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity.
When did government of India signed the Convention of biodiversity?
The country stands alongside 16 other mega-biodiversity countries bestowed with 7-8 per cent of the world’s species. On June 5, 1992, India signed the Convention on Biological Diversity at Rio de Janeiro which provides a framework for the sustainable management and conservation of our country’s natural resources.