Why is there the most biodiversity found near the equator?

There might be more biodiversity near the equator because it’s warmer year round, allowing organisms to continue growing. Locations away from the equator will have cold winters that will slow growth for microorganisms, plants and animals.

Where is the most biodiversity found on Earth why?

Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.

Why is there more biodiversity near the equator than in Canada?

Why is there more biological diversity closer to the equator than in Canada? … There is a warmer and wetter climate near the equator. There are generally more seasonal rains and the hotter temperature allows for more different kinds of plants to survive.

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Why is biodiversity higher in the tropics?

The higher temperatures in the tropics cause higher rates of metabolism, ecological dynamics and coevolutionary processes, which generate and maintain higher biodiversity.

Where is most biodiversity found in the world?

5 of the Most Biodiverse Countries in the World

  1. Brazil. Brazil is considered THE most biodiverse country on the planet – where one-tenth of the world’s overall species call home. …
  2. China. …
  3. Peru. …
  4. Mexico. …
  5. Ecuador.

Where can biodiversity be found?

Some areas in the world, such as areas of Mexico, South Africa, Brazil, the southwestern United States, and Madagascar, have more biodiversity than others. Areas with extremely high levels of biodiversity are called hotspots.

Which has highest biodiversity?

Brazil. It is the country with the greatest biodiversity of flora and fauna on the planet. Brazil has the highest number of species of known mammals and freshwater fish, and more than 50,000 species of trees and bushes, it takes first place in plant diversity.

Why does biodiversity tend to be higher in areas closest to the equator or tropical areas quizlet?

Why are areas near the equator have more species richness? Greater amounts of solar energy, heat, and humidity at tropical latitudes lead to more plant growth, making areas nearer the equator more productive and able to support larger numbers of animals.

Why is more biodiversity better?

Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. For example, A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops. … Healthy ecosystems can better withstand and recover from a variety of disasters.

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Why can we find more species near the equator explain at least three factors?

Communities with the highest species richness tend to be found in areas near the equator, which have lots of solar energy (supporting high primary productivity), warm temperatures, large amounts of rainfall, and little seasonal change.

Why is more biodiversity found in tropical region than in temperate region?

“There is greater biodiversity in tropical/subtropical regions than in temperate region. … So, tropics has a longer evolutionary time for species diversification. The temperate enviroment are more seasonal, less constant and unpredictable, therefore less niche specialisation and lesser species diversity are observed.

Why is biodiversity so rich in tropical islands?

Islands are often considered biodiversity hotspots due to the variety of species that have evolved to thrive on these remote pieces of land. … The features of island living have led to a high number of endemic species, meaning these species are found nowhere else in the world.

Which habitat is most likely to have the greatest biodiversity?

Species richness is greatest in tropical ecosystems. Tropical rain forests on land and coral reefs in marine systems are among the most biologically diverse ecosystems on Earth and have become the focus of popular attention.

Which country has the highest biodiversity in Asia?

In Asia, the countries with the greatest biodiversity are China, India, Indonesia, Philippines and Malaysia. South Africa, Madagascar and the Democratic Republic of Congo are the most biodiverse nations of the African continent.

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