The outcome of indiscriminate disposal of solid wastes expose human to environmental degradation such as in flooding, drainage obstruction, widespread of infectious diseases, cholera, diarrhea , typhoid fever, waterway blockage which leads to infestation of flies, ticks and breeding of mosquitoes that cause malaria …
What are the effects of indiscriminate waste disposal?
Indiscriminate waste disposal promotes fecal contamination of the hands, food and water that can result to fecal-oral transmission diseases. Waste disposed of indiscriminately can also result to water pollution, land pollution, drainage blockage, flooding and infrastructural degradation.
What diseases are caused due to improper disposal of waste?
The World Health Organization (WHO) has stated that improper disposal of medical waste can cause the following diseases:
- Parasitic Infections. …
- Lung Infections. …
- Skin infections. …
- HIV and Hepatitis B and C Viruses. …
- Candida. …
- Meningitis. …
What diseases are caused by waste?
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and hepatitis viruses spearhead an extensive list of infections and diseases documented to have spread through bio-medical waste. Tuberculosis, pneumonia, diarrhoea, tetanus, whooping cough etc. are other common diseases spread due to improper waste management.
What is indiscriminate waste disposal?
This is the most unwanted and dangerous practice in solid waste management. It occurs when an individual leaves waste by the roadside, on a piece of disused land, in a field, by the side of a riverbank or in a river (Figure 10.1).
What are the harmful effects of solid waste?
Solid waste pollution is caused mainly through urbanization and through industrial waste. It causes various diseases in human as bacillary dysentery, diarrhea and amoebic dysentery, plague, salmonellosis, trichinosis, endemic typhus, cholera, jaundice, hepatitis, gastro enteric diseases etc.
What are the public health effects of improper solid waste disposal?
At the household-level proper segregation of waste has to be done and it should be ensured that all organic matter is kept aside for composting, which is undoubtedly the best method for the correct disposal of this segment of the waste.
What are the most common infection caused by biomedical waste?
The most common diseases that can spread through improper management of biomedical waste is typhoid, cholera, HIV and hepatitis.
What are different types of disease?
There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases), and physiological diseases. Diseases can also be classified in other ways, such as communicable versus non-communicable diseases.
Which diseases are caused by polluted water?
Contaminated water can transmit diseases such diarrhoea, cholera, dysentery, typhoid, and polio. Contaminated drinking water is estimated to cause 485 000 diarrhoeal deaths each year. By 2025, half of the world’s population will be living in water-stressed areas.
Who are the most affected with the problem of waste disposal?
Those who are at significant risk are: Children and those who live near such facilities. Waste disposal workers. Employees whose workplaces manufacture or come into contact with waste materials.
How is aquatic life affected by indiscriminate disposal of industrial waste?
Industrial waste water (mixture of toxic chemicals) and domestic sewage caused depletion of oxygen from the water column as it decomposes, stress or suffocating aquatic life. … All these affect the bioavailability of chemicals to organisms, cause temperature fluctuations, and modify rainfall, pH and salinity.
What are the effects of waste on human health?
The available scientific evidence on the waste-related health effects is not conclusive, but suggests the possible occurrence of serious adverse effects, including mortality, cancer, reproductive health, and milder effects affecting well-being.
Why is waste harmful to the environment?
Poor waste management contributes to climate change and air pollution, and directly affects many ecosystems and species. Landfills, considered the last resort in the waste hierarchy, release methane, a very powerful greenhouse gas linked to climate change.
Why should composting be promoted?
, compost helps to improve soil fertility and plant yield. … Composts also host plant-growth-promoting bacteria, which help to increase soil fertility and plant growth. Erosion causes the soil to lose its fertility. An appreciable amount of nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium are lost to erosion.
What do you mean by incineration?
Incineration is the high-temperature burning (rapid oxidation) of a waste. It is also known as controlled–flame combustion or calcination and is a technology that destroys organic constituents in waste materials. New techniques are developed for this burning process, used as energy-generating methods.