Large bodies of water such as oceans, seas, and large lakes affect the climate of an area. Water heats and cools more slowly than land. Therefore, in the summer, the coastal regions will stay cooler and in winter warmer. A more moderate climate with a smaller temperature range is created.
How do elevation and latitude affect climate?
Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude.
How do bodies of water elevation affect weather and climate?
“A large body of water has a higher heat capacity than land, meaning it takes more energy to warm and cool the temperature of water. Therefore, cities close to water tend to have a narrower range of temperatures throughout the year. … We are still learning a lot about water and how it impacts weather systems.
How do latitude and proximity to bodies of water relate to the mean temperature in the Philippines?
Latitude is an insignificant factor in the variation of temperature while altitude shows greater contrast in temperature. Thus, the mean annual temperature of Baguio with an elevation of 1,500 meters is 18.3oC. … Due to high temperature and the surrounding bodies of water, the Philippines has a high relative humidity.
How does water bodies affect climate?
Large bodies of water change temperature slower than land masses. Land masses near large bodies of water, especially oceans, change temperature as the oceans change temperature: slower and with less extreme fluctuations than land masses farther away. … Warm water also increases evaporation and ultimately precipitation.
How does latitude affect the climate?
Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … As a result, more energy is lost and temperatures are cooler.
How does latitude affect the climate and environment of a place?
There is a relationship between latitude and temperature around the world, as temperatures are typically warmer approaching the Equator and cooler approaching the Poles.
How does elevation affect climate?
Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude. 4. … This means that coastal locations tend to be cooler in summer and warmer in winter than places inland at the same latitude and altitude.
What effect do large bodies of water tend to have on coastal areas quizlet?
Large bodies of water affect the climate of coastal areas by absorbing or giving off heat. This causes many coastal regions to be warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer than inland areas at similar latitudes.
How does proximity to oceans affect temperatures and rainfall amounts?
The ocean influences weather and climate by storing solar radiation, distributing heat and moisture around the globe, and driving weather systems. … Ocean water is constantly evaporating, increasing the temperature and humidity of the surrounding air to form rain and storms that are then carried by trade winds.
What are two ways that a large body of water can affect a biome?
Large bodies of water stabilize temperatures and keep them moderate. They also increase moisture content in the air. The surface temperature of water affects the air above it. Warm currents bring warm temperatures to the area they flow past and cold currents bring cold temperatures.
Why do two cities located at the same latitude and near a body of water have such different climates?
Places at the same latitude may have very different climates if one is on a coast and one is inland. On the coast, the climate is influenced by warm moist air from the ocean. … Farther inland, the climate is influenced by cold or hot air from the land. This air may be dry, because it comes from over land.
How does latitude affect water availability?
At low latitudes, near the equator, direct overhead sunlight received all year warms surface waters. At high latitudes, ocean waters receive less sunlight – the poles receive only 40 percent of the heat that the equator does. … This results in less warming of the water.
How does the location of big water bodies influence the climate of different places?
The water bodies like the Ocean of the region north and south of the tropic allow the release of heat in winter and during summer, it soaks up heat. … In regions which are cold the warm currents of the ocean makes the climate warm but in some areas there is an increase in precipitation .
Why do bodies of water tend to moderate climate?
Why do bodies of water tend to moderate climate? … Water’s high specific heat prevents it from changing temperature rapidly. Because there are such large bodies of water on Earth that do not change temperature as quickly as air or land, water moderates climate.