The Philippines is also one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots with at least 700 threatened species, thus making it one of the top global conservation areas. … In terms of fishes, the Philippines counts at least 3,214 species, of which about 121 are endemic and 76 threatened.
How do you describe the Philippines diversity?
The Philippines is one of the world’s largest archipelago nations. … Because of its archipelagic nature, Philippines is a culturally diverse country. With its topography consisting of mountainous terrains, dense forests, plains, and coastal areas, the Philippines is rich in biodiversity.
How would you describe the biodiversity of an area?
Biodiversity is the variability among living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial, marine, and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species, and of ecosystems.
What are the biodiversity issues in the Philippines?
Because of the isolation of some of the islands of the Philippines since the Pleistocene era, Philippine forests are home to numerous endemic life forms. Rapid deforestation, transformation of mangrove swamps, and destruction of coral reefs all point to significant loss of biodiversity.
Why Philippines is a biodiversity hotspot?
Philippines: A Biodiversity Hotspot
It is considered to be a mega – diversity country because of the exceptional diversity in ecosystems, species and genetic resources found within its 7,100 island territory. … The overexploitation of natural resources, reduced the forests to an alarming 24% from its original cover.
What is Philippine biodiversity?
The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism. The Philippines’ biodiversity provides several ecosystem services.
Why the Philippine biodiversity is endangered?
The continuing habitat degradation and forestland conversion are major threats to Philippine biodiversity. These are attributed primarily to large-scale and indiscriminate logging and mining, burgeoning human population, overharvesting of resources, and infrastructure development.
Which is the best way to describe the biodiversity?
Biodiversity is a term used to describe the enormous variety of life on Earth. It can be used more specifically to refer to all of the species in one region or ecosystem. Biodiversity refers to every living thing, including plants, bacteria, animals, and humans.
What is biodiversity in your own words?
Biodiversity is the shortened form of two words “biological” and “diversity”. It refers to all the variety of life that can be found on Earth (plants, animals, fungi and micro-organisms) as well as to the communities that they form and the habitats in which they live.
What is biodiversity and importance of biodiversity?
Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.
How do we protect Philippine biodiversity?
- Conserve biodiversity in forest areas and reduce forest degradation in priority watersheds.
- Build capacity to manage forest areas at the national and sub-national levels.
- Strengthen disaster-risk reduction programs.
Why is the Philippines known to have one of the richest marine biodiversity in the world?
The Philippines forms an ocean region that has long been recognized as the world’s center of marine biodiversity. With the Malay archipelago, Papua New Guinea and Australia, the country forms the ‘Coral Triangle,’ so-called because of the abundance of its coral reef life.
How does biodiversity help in economic development?
The significance of biodiversity extends up to the production of high yielding varieties of plants and animals. … Thus, major sources of food, herbs and raw materials will also be produced for industries and other economic development purposes.
What place in the Philippines that has rich biodiversity?
As a result, Palawan not only showcases many of the flora and fauna associated with the rest of the Philippines, but also has many birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, trees and plants found on the island of Borneo.
How has biodiversity loss affected the Philippines?
In the Philippines, deforestation (forest denudation and fragmentation) is a leading cause of habitat destruction that negatively impacts biodiversity on an exponential scale. … As a result, the Philippine coral reef system is down to 5% in terms of being in excellent condition, as over 32% are already severely damaged.
What are the projects of the government in the Philippines to preserve biodiversity and environment?
The Protect Wildlife Project was launched in 2016 in collaboration with Conservation International, USAID, and other partners to combat the threats to wildlife and the causes of biodiversity loss in the Philippines while taking into consideration environmental threats such as habitat loss, unsustainable harvesting, and …