Your question: How many biodiversity are there in Sikkim?

What are the biodiversity of Sikkim?

Species wise, the State harbors over 4500 flowering plants, 550 Orchids, 36 Rhododendrons, 16 Conifers, 28 Bamboos, 362 Ferns and its allies, 9 Tree Ferns, 30 Primulas, 11 Oaks, over 424 Medicinal plants, 144+ mammals, 550 Birds, 48 Fishes and over 600 Butterflies.

How many biodiversity parks are there in Sikkim?

There are 8 protected areas in Sikkim viz., Khangchendzonga National Park, Fambong Lho Wildlife Sanctuary, Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary, Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary, Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary, Shingba Rhododendron Sanctuary, Kitam Bird Sanctuary and Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary covering 46.93% of the total …

Is Sikkim a biodiversity hotspot?

Sikkim, India’s second smallest state, covering an area of 7,096 km2 with a population of 619,000, is recognised as a biodiversity ‘Hot Spot’ of global importance. It is situated in a splendid range of snow-covered mountains with the world’s third-highest peak, Khangchendzonga (8,586 m).

Why Sikkim is called biodiversity hotspot?

Answer: Sikkim is considered as the biodiversity hotspot because there are 5500 flowering plants in Sikkim species only found within this 7096 kilometre square geographical area (Hajra and Verma 1996…….. common medicinal plants of Darjeeling and Sikkim in Himalaya.

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What is diversity and biodiversity?

The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.

How many plants are there in Sikkim?

Species wise, the State harbors over 5500 flowering plants, 557 Orchids, 38 Rhododendrons, 16 Conifers, 28 Bamboos, 362 Ferns and its allies, 9 Tree Ferns, 30 Primulas, 11 Oaks, 1681 Medicinal plants, 144+ mammals, 568 Birds, 48 Fishes, and over 689 Butterflies and 7000 species of Moths.

How many sanctuary are there in Sikkim?

Sikkim has 3330.28 sq km i.e 46.93% of State’s total geographical area as Protected Area with 1 National Park including the Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve and 7 Wildlife Sanctuaries.

What is the old name of Sikkim?

The Tibetan name for Sikkim is Drenjong (Wylie-transliteration: ‘bras ljongs), which means “valley of rice”, while the Bhutias call it Beyul Demazong, which means ‘”the hidden valley of rice”.

Which is the capital of Sikkim?

86 Persons per Sq. Km. A part of the Eastern Himalaya, Sikkim is notable for its biodiversity, including alpine and subtropical climates, as well as being a host to Kangchenjunga, the highest peak in India and third highest on Earth. Sikkim’s capital and largest city is Gangtok.

What is Sikkim flora?

The Nobile Orchid has been declared as the State Flower of Sikkim. In the temperate zone, the flora consist of Oak, Chestnut, Maple, Birch, Alder, Magnolia and Silver Fir. … There are about 35 species of Rhododendrons in Sikkim and are found above the height of 10,000 feet.

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What is importance biodiversity?

Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.

What is being done in Sikkim to preserve biodiversity?

“The SBFP is a project to strengthen the biodiversity conservation activities and the forest management capacity, and to improve livelihood for the local people who are dependent on forests by promoting sustainable biodiversity conservation, afforestation and income generation activities including eco-tourism for the …

How many biodiversity parks are there in Delhi?

More birds and animals make Delhi’s 7 nature parks their homes. Delhi is home to the Yamuna Biodiversity Park, Aravalli Biodiversity Park, Neela Hauz Biodiversity Park, Tilpath Valley Biodiversity Park, Northern Ridge (Kamla Nehru Ridge), Tughlaqabad Biodiversity Park, and Kalindi Biodiversity Park.

What are the major natural resources found in Sikkim?

Several minerals are found in the state, among them, coal, copper, limestone and graphite are the most important. Dolomite, garnet, talc and magnetic are less important. Copper: The ores of copper are widespread in Sikkim and are in the Daling beds.

What are unique features of ecology in Sikkim?

The diverse forest types include deciduous Sal, wet hill forests, dense Oak forests, extensive conifer forests and unique Rhododendron thickets giving way to rolling alpine meadows. Ecosystems range from humid tropical valleys to temperate montane habitat, alpine meadows and trans-himalayan cold desert.